The area of dentistry concerned with correcting problems or damage to the mouth, teeth, and jaw. Oral Surgery is commonly performed to remove wisdom teeth, prepare the mouth for dentures, and repair jaw problems. Oral Surgeons may also perform more advanced procedures as required after trauma or severe disease damages in the structure of the mouth.
Dental Implants Dental implant surgery is a procedure that replaces missing or damaged teeth with artificial teeth that look and feel like the real ones. It replaces tooth roots with metal, screw-like posts. The surgery is a welcome alternative to dentures or bridgework that don’t fit well. It is also a leading choice for patients who want to stop using dentures.
Bone Grafting When it comes to dental implants and surgery, there are numerous instances wherein the dentist has to perform a bone graft, or the addition of bone amount in a patient’s jaw. It is used to enhance the dental ridge to ensure stability of the dental implant. The bone graft may require a separate surgery if a large amount of the dental ridge must be changed, or be performed alongside the implant procedure if only minute changes will be applied.
Surgical Extraction Surgical extraction is needed when there are some complications during a simple tooth extraction. In such cases, the dentist would have to give the patient general anesthesia. There are two common types of surgical extraction:
- Supernumerary Tooth Removal
An adult’s normal teeth structure is comprised of 32 teeth. In cases of supernumerary tooth, more than 32 teeth are present within the dental arch. The treatment and removal of this tooth would depend on its position and effect on nearby teeth.
- Deciduous Tooth Removal
Deciduous teeth refer to “baby teeth” or the 20 teeth that began erupting from infancy to early childhood. In case the baby tooth does not shed on its own, dentists would have to remove it to facilitate the growth of permanent teeth.
Odontectomy Odontectomy refers to the surgical removal of a tooth that is partially or totally embedded in the bone. Dentists will have to remove the bone that surrounds the teeth before they can force extraction. Sutures and stitches are often applied to facilitate faster recovery. The removal of third molars or wisdom teeth are common examples of odontectomy.
Frenectomy Frenectomy refers to the removal of frenum or the muscular attachment between tissues. The lingual frenum is the thin membrane that connects the back of the tongue with the floor of the mouth.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery combines oral surgery with surgery on the structures of the face, sinuses, and neck.